Spain's richest person is 83-year-old Amancio Ortega. He owns the biggest fashion group in the world, Inditex. Inditex owns international clothing retailers Zara, Massimo Dutti, Bershka, Oysho, Pull&Bear, Stradivarius, Uterqüe and more. Zara is one of the largest "fast fashion" brands in the world and has over 2,200 stores in 96 countries. It is known forcapitalizing on currentfashion trends by emulating artists and designers and selling the mass-produced knockoffs for cheap. Inditex's second biggest fashion brand is Bershka with over 1,000 stores in 71 countries. Inditex owns over 7,000 total stores. For reference there's 641 Macy's locations, 379 Nordstrom locations,
In 2016 textile workers that made Zara clothes in a Turkish factory started sewing notes into the clothes that read "“I made this item you are going to buy, but I didn’t get paid for it.” In 2017 almost 310 thousand people signed a petition on change.org written and signed by the 140 textile workers demanding to be paid for their labor. In 2018 the workers were forced to take partial payments from Inditex/Zara. Zara still owes the workers money.
In addition to owning the fashion conglomerate, Ortega has a massive holding company with over $13 billion worth of real estate called Ponte Gadea. He recently bought 2 buildings that Amazon works out of in Seattle for $740 million and a hotel in downtown Chicago for $71.5 million. In 2017 he bought the iconic Southeast Financial Center office building in Miami from JP Morgan Chase for $515 million. In 2016 he bought the hotel at 70 Park Avenue NY for $68 million, an office building in SoHo for $145 million, and an entire block in Miami Beach for $370 million. He's Europe's richest landlord.